The Differences Between Light, Medium and Dark Roast Coffee Beans!

Coffee is a widely popular beverage consumed by millions worldwide, and one of the reasons for its popularity is the various flavors derived from different roast levels. Roasting is a crucial process that determines the taste and aroma of coffee beans, and the three main roast levels are light, medium, and dark. Here are the differences between light, medium, and dark roast coffee beans.

Light Roast Coffee Beans

Light roast coffee beans are generally light brown, with a milder flavor and less pronounced acidity level than other roasts. These beans are roasted for a shorter duration at lower temperatures, allowing their natural flavors and aroma to shine through. Light roast coffee is also known as Cinnamon roast, New England Roast, and Half City. The light roasting process ensures that the beans retain their original features, including their mild and gentle flavor. This roast level is ideal for coffee lovers who prefer a sweeter, lighter brew without the bitterness and acidity often associated with darker roasts.

Medium Roast Coffee Beans

Medium roast coffee beans, also known as American roast, breakfast roast, and city roast, offer a nicely balanced flavor profile. The beans are roasted for longer durations than light roast, resulting in darker brown beans with a richer, more robust flavor, and less pronounced acidity levels. Medium roast coffee beans retain much of their original flavor while gaining some of the roasted notes, providing a more substantial body and a slightly bitter taste. This roast level is ideal for coffee lovers who enjoy the milder flavor profile of light roasts and the more substantial body of dark roasts.

Dark Roast Coffee Beans

Dark roast coffee beans, also known as French roast, Italian roast, and city+ roast, are roasted for much longer periods at high temperatures. The result is a dark brown bean with visible oils, with a smoky, bitter taste that tends towards a burnt caramel or dark chocolate flavor. The dark roasting process significantly reduces the acidity levels of coffee beans. This roast level is ideal for coffee lovers who enjoy a strong, bold flavor with a full-body aroma.


The differences between light, medium, and dark roast coffee beans lie in their flavor profiles, acidity levels, and roast duration. Coffee lovers can enjoy experimenting with different levels of roasts to discover their personal preferences regarding the strength and flavor of their coffee. In conclusion, whether you prefer the mild, light roast, the balanced medium roast, or the bold, dark roast, there is a roast level for every coffee lover. With this understanding of the different roast levels, you are better equipped to find and enjoy your ideal coffee experience.